Outside of parking, detention is one of the biggest complaints within the trucking industry. Most shippers and receivers have a 2-hour window to load/unload a truck. Any time spent outside of the allotted two hours is detention.
The Hours of Service allow truckers 14 hours of work time each day. 11 of those hours for driving. Excess time spent at a shipper or receiver cuts into a driver’s profits. Consequences for extended detention can include missing an unloading time or needing to pass on another load due to a missed pickup time. These scenarios damage a truck driver’s reputation and cost the truck driver money.
Carriers often have a detention rate to counterbalance some of the income lost during detention. “Detention rate” is the fee carriers charge for their detention time. Rates can range from $25-100 an hour. This fee does not fully make up the cost of the driver’s stationary truck and lost time, but it softens the blow. For shippers, detention rates are unexpected costs and cut their profits.
ABC Trucking hauls a load for Shipper. Shipper takes 4 hours to load ABC Trucking’s trailer. The time-in and time-out stamps Shipper placed on ABC Trucking’s BOL confirm ABC Trucking’s time. ABC Trucking has a $40/hour detention rate. ABC Trucking files for an additional $80 in detention pay and ABC Trucking’s broker sends Shipper a revised Rate Confirmation containing the added $80 detention.
Everyone loses money when a truck driver is detained. With ELDs measuring the Hours of Service more closely, eyes are turning to shippers and receivers to fix the problem. If they do not, freight and detention rates will continue to rise to compensate for the truck driver’s lost income.