How to Start a Trucking Company

Setting Up Your Brand

Congratulations on your decision to start your own trucking company! You have the goal, now it is time for action. You already completed the first step of forming a business plan, now it’s time to setup your brand. Before you can start hauling loads, you will need several permits, licenses, and forms in place –

Step 1 – Register Your Company

Once your business plan is in place, it is time to make your company legal. Start with the name. You also need to register your company with your company’s home base state. Registering includes determining your business model (LLC, sole proprietor, etc.) and registering a trademark. The trademark includes your logo and possible slogans. Visit your state’s website to register your business.

Step 2 – DOT and MC Numbers

You will need to apply for your DOT and MC Numbers through the FMCSA. Your DOT Number is unique to your company and used to track your safety scores and information. Your MC number, also known as your Operating Authority, states what type cargo your company is legally allowed to haul. First time applicants can apply for both through the FMCSA’s Unified Registration System.

Step 3 – Heavy Use Tax Regulations

If you register a commercial motor vehicle with a gross weight of at least 55,000lbs in your name, you will need to file the federal Form 2290 – Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Return. Find Rules for filing and the Form itself on the IRS website.

Step 4 – International Registration Plan (IRP) Tag

If you plan to haul from coast-to-coast or up through Canada, an IRP Tag is necessary. An IRP Tag allows you to haul freight across US State Lines, in Washington D.C., and Canadian Provinces. Remember to register your tags in your company’s home state.

Step 5 – International Fuel TAX Agreement (IFTA) Tag

Simply put, IFTA reports the fuel used by trucks over the 48 contiguous States of America and some Canadian provinces. If you are planning to cross state lines, you need an IFTA Tag. Visit the website of your company’s home state to apply.

Step 6 – BOC-3 Form

The BOC-3 Form designates a third party (person or company) who is legally able to receive and forward legal documents on behalf of your company. You will need representation in each state which you operate. For information about the form check out the FMCSA website.

Step 7 – Insurance

After filing your forms and tags, the insurance is the next big item on your list. Without insurance, you will not be able to haul loads because most shippers require insurance before they will hand over their cargo. To help with insurance costs, enlist of a premium finance company. They help lower your premium costs, and good programs will even help you save up for your monthly payment.

These 7 items are the must haves when starting a trucking company. Be sure to check with your local state to verify if additional tags or licenses are needed. Once all your bases are covered, you are almost ready to hit the road.

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